Vascular protection means protecting the arteries to lower the risk of vascular diseases, such as CAD and PAD. More specifically, it refers to limiting the build-up of plaque in the arteries, also known as atherosclerosis, which prevents the development of blood clots and therefore lowers the risk of more serious events such as heart attack, stroke and amputation.
Protecting the arteries and the vascular system can be done in many ways, including lifestyle changes such as regular exercise, a healthy diet, stress management and stopping smoking, .
Medical therapies may also provide vascular protection. Such therapies include cholesterol modifying medications (statins), high blood pressure control (antihypertensives), diabetes control (insulin/antiglycaemic drugs), blood thinners and blood clot prevention therapies (antiplatelets), .
It is important to understand that the risk of further complications may still remain even after preventative treatment as plaque build-up can still occur. That is why you should monitor your vascular health and take necessary steps to control plaque build-up.